Understanding Italy’s Flat Tax Regime for New Residents
01 Jul

Understanding Italy’s Flat Tax Regime for New Residents

Italys-flat-tax-regime-for-new-residents Understanding Italy's Flat Tax Regime for New Residents

Understanding Italy’s Flat Tax Regime for New Residents

Italy has become increasingly attractive to high-net-worth individuals (HNWIs), particularly those considering leaving the UK due to recent fiscal changes. This shift is largely thanks to the “flat tax” regime introduced by the Italian government. This regime is designed to provide a favorable tax environment for wealthy individuals who decide to move their tax residence to Italy.

What is the Flat Tax Regime?

Introduced under Law 232/2016, commonly known as the 2017 Budget Law, the flat tax regime offers new residents the opportunity to pay a fixed annual tax of 100,000 euros on their foreign income, regardless of the actual amount earned. This tax regime can be extended for up to 15 years, providing long-term tax stability and predictability.

The primary goal of this regime is to attract HNWIs and their families to Italy, encouraging investment and economic activity within the country. The flat tax regime is particularly appealing because it simplifies the tax obligations for foreign income, offering a clear and manageable tax responsibility.

Key Benefits of the Flat Tax Regime

1. Tax Certainty and Simplification:

The fixed annual tax of 100,000 euros on foreign income simplifies tax planning for individuals with substantial international earnings.

This regime offers a straightforward and predictable tax liability, which is especially beneficial for financial planning.

2. Exemptions and Incentives:

Participants are exempt from certain tax monitoring obligations, such as reporting foreign financial assets on the RW form.

Foreign income remitted to Italy is not subject to additional Italian taxes under this regime.

The regime also includes exemptions from Italian inheritance and gift taxes on assets located abroad, as well as from the tax on the value of properties held abroad (IVIE) and foreign financial assets (IVAFE).

3. Flexibility and Family Inclusion:

The flat tax can be extended to immediate family members (spouse, children, parents, and in-laws) at a reduced rate of 25,000 euros per person annually.

The regime includes a “cherry-picking” option, allowing taxpayers to exclude income from specific countries from the flat tax and apply ordinary taxation to those incomes instead.

Eligibility and Requirements

To qualify for the flat tax regime, individuals must meet specific criteria:

– The regime is open to individuals of any nationality who transfer their tax residence to Italy.

– Applicants must not have been tax residents in Italy for at least nine of the ten years preceding their application.

– The regime applies exclusively to individuals, not companies.

Income Covered and Excluded

The flat tax regime applies to all foreign-sourced income, which includes:

– Income from real estate or land holdings abroad.

– Income from business activities conducted outside Italy.

– Capital gains from foreign sources.

– Interest and other income from foreign bank accounts.

However, income generated within Italy remains subject to ordinary tax rules.

How to Opt-In

Individuals wishing to take advantage of the flat tax regime must:

– Transfer their tax residence to Italy.

– Opt for the regime in their tax return for the year of transfer or the subsequent year.

– Ensure they meet the residency requirements, being resident in Italy for at least 183 days within the calendar year.

Additionally, the regime allows for an optional tax ruling to confirm eligibility before opting in, providing further certainty.


Italy’s flat tax regime presents a lucrative opportunity for HNWIs seeking a favorable tax environment, particularly those relocating from jurisdictions with less favorable tax conditions. By offering significant tax incentives and simplifications, Italy aims to attract substantial investments and boost its economic landscape.

For those interested in exploring the flat tax regime further, Os Law provides a complimentary summary on request to offer detailed insights and assist in evaluating the potential benefits of relocating to Italy. Contact us at Os Law for comprehensive guidance on the flat tax regime and related inquiries.